Impact of epilepsy on language and discourse: Two self-limited focal epileptic syndromes of childhood
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Self-limited focal epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes, also known as Rolandic epilepsy (RE), is a wellestablished focal epilepsy of childhood, characterized with language impairment. To investigate the relationship between language deficits and clinical parameters of self-limited focal epilepsies of childhood (SFEC), 21 patients with RE, 10 patients with childhood occipital epilepsy of Gastaut type (COE-G) (another SFEC that is not typically associated with language impairment), and 31 healthy controls were recruited. A broad panel of language tests also including narration sample was administered, and clinical features were documented. The language was significantly impaired in both RE and COE-G. Patients with COE-G showed worse scores than patients with RE in subtests measuring semantic functions. Clinical parameters were not associated with impaired language domains. Language impairment is experienced in different types of SFEC, emphasizing the broad representation of the language network. In SFEC, recent activity of epilepsy does not affect the severity of language dysfunction.
SourceEpilepsy and Behavior
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