Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy in severe male factor infertility
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Research question: Does the use of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) improve outcomes in couples with severe male factor infertility (SMFI)? Design: This retrospective cohort study included SMFI cases that underwent blastocyst transfer with/without PGT-A. Inclusion criteria were SMFI (azoospermia and sperm count <1 million/ml), women aged 25–39 years, single vitrified–warmed blastocyst transfer, and no intracavitary pathologies. Patients were divided into PGT-A and nonPGT-A groups. The primary outcome was live birth rate (live birth of an infant after 24 weeks of gestation); secondary outcomes were implantation and clinical pregnancy rates. Results: The study included 266 SMFI cases (90 and 176 in the PGT-A and non-PGT-A groups, respectively). Men and women in the PGT-A group were significantly older than those in the non-PGT-A group. The groups did not differ in terms of male factor categories, sperm collection methods or additional female factors. Live birth rates in the PGT-A and non-PGT-A groups were 55.6% and 51.1%, respectively (odds ratio [OR] 1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.71– 1.98, P = 0.495). The implantation rates were 65.6% and 64.2%, respectively (OR 1.06, 95% CI 0.62–1.80, P = 0.827). The clinical pregnancy rates were 62.2% and 58.0%, respectively (OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.71–2.01, P = 0.502). The use of PGT-A was not an independent factor for live birth (aOR 1.33, 95% CI 0.66–2.70, P = 0.421). Advanced age in women was the only independent factor associated with live birth (aOR 0.46, 95% CI 0.22–0.96, P = 0.041). Conclusions: The use of PGT-A does not seem to be an independent factor associated with live birth per transfer in couples with SMFI.
SourceReproductive Biomedicine Online
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