Premature ejaculation: 2020 update
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Purpose of Review Premature ejaculation (PE) is one of the most common forms of male sexual disorder. There are still different opinions and point of view regarding its definition, classification, prevalence, pathophysiology and treatment alternatives. For these reasons, we aim to recap the recently accumulated data on definition, classification, pathophysiology and treatment alternatives of PE. The literature pertaining to PE has been reviewed by the authors. All the related articles were critically analyzed and examined. Levels of evidence (Les) and grades of recommendation (Grs) are provided based on a thorough analysis of the literature and consensus. Recent Findings After the initial evidence-based definition developed for lifelong PE, the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) advertised another unified definition for lifelong and acquired PE and confirmed the time criterion for the diagnosis of PE. The ISSM has also acknowledged the presence of the two more PE subtypes (variable and subjective PE) underlining the fact that more research is required to develop an evidence-based definition of these sexual problems. Although the pathophysiology of these four PE syndromes has not been completely elucidated yet, pharmacotherapy must be considered the treatment of choice for lifelong PE patients whereas treating the underlying pathology must be the initial goal for patients with acquired PE. To treat PE, we can use daily or on-demand use of SSRIs, on-demand use of topical anaesthetics, on-demand tramadol or phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors. Psychotherapy can be offered to patients who describe variable and subjective PE. Summary Despite the recent progress reached in the field of PE, there are on-going debates regarding the definition, classification, pathophysiology and treatment of this common problem. Future clinical trials must be performed to understand the actual aetiology of the four PE syndromes and develop more effective and safe treatment alternatives.
SourceCurrent Sexual Health Reports
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