Investigation of the dyspnea perception in the elderly who underwent home quarantine due to covid-19 pandemics in Turkey
Yalçın, Rauf Metehan
Öztürk, Büşra Sultan
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Objective: Our aim was to determine the dyspnea perceptions of individuals aged 65+ who underwent home quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. Methods: A questionnaire prepared through "SurveyMonkey" website was answered by 191 individuals (72.19±7.33/year; 89 men, 102 women). Dyspnea perception was evaluated with Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) and the Dyspnea-12 Scale, worry and anxiety status with the Worry and Anxiety Scale (WAS), and physical activity with the International Physical Activity Short Form (IPAQ-SF). The fear of death was also questioned. Results: Dyspnea-12 score was found to be related to the WAS score (p<0.001) and sedentary time (p=0.007). In cases with mMRC Stage 0 or 1, the WAS score and the time spent sedentary were lower than Stage 2 and Stage 3+4 (p<0.05). Fear of death was higher in individuals with mMRC Stage 2 (p=0.007) or Stage 3+4 (p=0.045) than Stage 0. Dyspnea-12 score of university graduates was lower than primary school (p=0.003) or secondary school graduates (p=0.049). Conclusion: Our results showed that the dyspnea perception was associated with worry and anxiety, and the dyspnea perception was higher in individuals with low education and high anxiety disorder. In addition, it has been found that individuals experiencing effort restriction with dyspnea have increased sedentary time and fear of death during the pandemic process.
SourceEuropean Respiratory Journal
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