De-novo development of fragmented QRS during a six-month follow-up period in patients with COVID-19 disease and its cardiac effects
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Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the probability of de-novo fQRS in patients with mild COVID-19 disease, as an indicator of cardiac injury. Methods: Data of 256 patients with normal admission electrocardiography and no comorbidities between 1.12.2020–31.12.2021, were examined retrospectively 6-month after mild COVID-19 disease. Patients were divided into two groups: fQRS+ group (n = 102) and non-fQRS group (n = 154). Relation between fQRS and other electrocardiography, echocardiographic and laboratory findings were investigated. Results: No significant difference was found between the groups among age and gender. Troponin-I and creatine kinase myocardial band values (retrospectively 9.10 ± 1.76 vs 0.74 ± 1.43, 34.05 ± 82.20 vs. 14.68 ± 4.42), COVID-19 IgG levels (45.78 ± 14.82 vs. 36.49 ± 17.68), diastolic dysfunction (39.21% vs. 15.07%), EF value (58.02 ± 1.95 vs. 64.27 ± 3.07), dyspnea (41.17% vs. 6.84%), post-COVID-19 tachycardia syndrome (19.6% vs. 2.74) were more frequent in fQRS+ group compared to non-fQRS group. The EF value was lower in the presence of fQRS in the high lateral leads (57.12 ± 1.99, 58.47 ± 1.79, p:0.018). There was a positive correlation between IgG value and endsystolic diameter, septum thickness and left atrium diameter. In multivariate analysis de-novo fQRS, dyspnea, high troponin and IgG values, diastolic dysfunction, low EF value and left atrial diameter were determined as independent risk factors for post-COVID-19 tachycardia syndrome in follow-up. Conclusion: In COVID-19 disease de-novo fQRS, dyspnea, high IgG and troponin value, left atrial diameter, lower EF value, diastolic dysfunction were associated with post-COVID-19 tachycardia syndrome. The de-novo fQRS in SARS-COV-2 may be a predictor of future more important adverse cardiovascular outcomes and this should alert clinicians.