Can double fluoroscopy in the oblique position reduce surgical time and radiation exposure during intertrochanteric femur fracture nailing?
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Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the comparative effectiveness of the use of single fluoroscopy versus double fluoroscopy during intramedullary nailing in the oblique position for intertrochanteric femur fractures in terms of surgery and radiation time. Methods: Fifty-two patients (20 men, 32 women; average age: 78.2 years; range: 69-88 years) were included in the study. While double fluoroscopy was used for 25 patients, single fluoroscopy was used for the remaining 27 patients. Data of the preparation time between anesthesia and surgery, surgery time, radiation time, bleeding volume, postoperative collodiaphyseal angle between the fractures and intact parts, and the tip-apex distance (TAD) were compared. Results: The surgery time in the double and single fluoroscopy groups averaged 34.48 +/- 8.92 minutes and 50.37 +/- 16.63 minutes, respectively (p<0.01). The radiation time was 42.72 +/- 16.00 seconds for the double-fluoroscopy group and 68.22 +/- 21.53 seconds for the single-fluoroscopy group (p<0.01). The surgical preparation time, bleeding volume, collodiaphyseal angle and TAD distance did not vary significantly between groups (p>0.05). Conclusıion: The use of double fluoroscopy in the oblique position in the surgical treatment of intertrochanteric femur fractures reduced the surgical time and the anesthesia time for patients, as well as the exposure to radiation, thereby also reducing the risk of complications.