Sociodemographic characteristics and career decisions of students in dental school of Turkish foundation university.
AuthorAyar, Muhammet Kerim
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The purposes of this study were to determine the sociodemographic characteristics of students enrolled in a dental school of Turkish foundation university and their motives for the choice of dentistry. Questionnaires were distributed to second and third year students of Biruni University Faculty of Dentistry. Questionnaire included items about their sociodemographic characteristics and their motives for the choice of dentistry. 124 of 163 returned the survey for an overall response rate of 76.1 percent. Of the respondents, 76 (61.3 percent) were females and 48 (38.7 percent) were males; they had an average age of 20.38 +/- 2.1. Personal decision had the greatest influence on the students in choosing dentistry as a career followed by first degree relative (father and mother). Fathers and mothers had similar impact on the students' choice of dental profession (46.0 percent and 52.1 percent, respectively). Relatives or family friends and a teacher in high school had more influence on female students' choice than those of male students significantly, respectively. Reputation and lifestyle provided by the profession and finding a job easily, were the predominant reasons that motivated both males and females to become a dentist. In conclusion, the reasons dental students enrolled in this study for choosing dentistry as a profession were primarily related to reputation and lifestyle provided by the profession, then economic.