If early warning systems are used, would it be possible to estimate early clinical deterioration risk and prevent readmission to intensive care?
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Background: Although the intensive care unit (ICU) admission criteria are specified clearly, it is difficult to make the decision of discharge from ICU. Aims: The purpose of this study is to test whether or not early warning scores will allow us to estimate early clinical deterioration within 24 hours and predict readmission to intensive care. A total of 1330 patients were included in the retrospective study. Patients and Methods: All the patients' age, gender, ICU hospitalization reasons and Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) scores were recorded. National Early Warning Score (NEWS) and VitalpacTM early warning score (VIEWS) scores were calculated using the physiological and neurological examination records. Discharge NEWS and VIEWS values of the patients who were readmitted to intensive care 24 hours after discharge were compared with the patients who were not readmitted to intensive care. The statistical analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS version 21 package software. Results: Age average of all the patients was 64.3 ± 20.8 years. The number of the patients who were readmitted to intensive care was 118 (8.87%). When examining the factors that affect early clinical deterioration, it was found that advanced age, high APACHE II scores, higher NEWS and VIEWS scores, lower DAP values and the patient's transfer from the ward were significantly predictive (P < 0.05). Conclusions: In this study, high NEWS and VIEWS are strong scoring systems that can be used in estimating early clinical deterioration risk and are easy-to-use and less time consuming.
SourceNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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