The age, bilirubin and albumin (ABA) index: A novel noninvasive index for predicting liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection
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Abstract AIM: It was to assess the diagnostic performance characteristics of a novel index, (ABA), which utilizes age, bilirubin and albumin to predict significant and severe fibrosis, and cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection. METHODS: A total of 114 patients were included in this study. The liver biopsies were graded using the Ishak scoring system. Diagnostic performance of the ABA index was compared to aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase ratio, age platelet index, AST to platelet ratio index, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) to platelet ratio index, FIB-4, FibroQ, Goteborg University Cirrhosis Index, King's score, GGT/international normalization ratio, platelet to lymphocyte ratio, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, white blood cell to platelet distribution width ratio and mean platelet volume to platelet distribution width ratio (MPV/PDW) by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: The ABA index was formulated as 1.5 + (0.065 × age) + (1.85 × bilirubin) - (1.65 × albumin) according to the multivariate logistic regression analysis. According to the ROC curve analyses, the ABA index had the area under these ROC curves (AUROCs) of 0.805 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.727-0.883] for significant fibrosis, 0.874 (95% CI, 0.804-0.943) for severe fibrosis and 0.895 (95% CI, 0.828-0.961) for cirrhosis. CONCLUSION: The ABA index was found to be superior to other evaluated noninvasive indexes of liver fibrosis by use of the cutoff point of 0 and 1. These findings should be confirmed by prospective and multicenter studies in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection.